This is a working paper and not yet peer reviewed; however, it is based on peer reviewed work. It can be viewed or downloaded here.
Caterpillars Their Moths, First Edition
Notes prior to BugGuide currently follows the classification found at ZooKeys. Click on "Download current MPG checklist file" near the middle of the page. See discussion on forum here which is an update to the discussion here for more information. Markku Savela's Lepidoptera site is invaluable for synonyms, links to original literature, distributions south of the border, and numbers of spp.
Search by genus or genus species. The related word "motte" in German shows that "moth" was inherited from the ancestral language that gave rise to both German and English. It seems likely that the original meaning referred to moth caterpillars, and it may have referred, in particular, to human commensals such as Tineola bisselliella , the Webbing Clothes Moth. For a tab-delimited text file list of all species level pages currently shown at BugGuide, see Article The list can be copied and pasted to an empty spreadsheet.
At least a couple of hundreds are introduced species. Wingspan of North American species ranges from about mm in the tiniest micromoths, to more than mm in the largest silk, sphinx, and owlet moths; some tropical species have wingspans of more than mm see Largest Lepidopteran Wing Span. Adults imagos have four membranous wings rarely wingless ; hindwings are usually smaller than forewings, both largely or entirely covered with scales.
Adult mouthparts adapted for sucking, the proboscis is usually in the form of a coiled tube adults of some species lack mouthparts and do not feed as adults. Images showing the characteristics of the order Lepidoptera:. Common practice is to divide the Lepidoptera into two or three groups, though this is not, strictly speaking, a taxonomic division.
Butterflies and skippers are a monophyletic group within the Lepidoptera [Papilionoidea], but "moths" are a paraphyletic group. Moths usually have feathery antennae and most are active at night. They generally rest with their wings open, either flat or "tented" over the body.
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Rarely, the wings are held together vertically above the body as with butterflies. When they pupate above ground they generally form a protective cocoon around the pupa. This is made of silk, often combined with other natural materials such as leaves or their own body hair. The caterpillars of many species dig into the ground to pupate. Butterflies have thin antennae with "knobs" on the end and are generally active during the day.
They rest with their wings closed above their bodies, and make a naked pupa also known as a chrysalis. Skippers are a separate group of butterflies, with many distinctive features. They are mostly day-flying, have knobbed antennae, and rest with wings folded or spread, depending on the group.
Key to the superfamilies. Larvae caterpillars have a hardened head capsule and a fleshy body composed of a thorax bearing three pairs of legs , and an elongated cylindrical abdomen bearing from zero to five pairs of prolegs short fleshy ventral projections used for clinging or walking. The body may be either uniformly colored or patterned with stripes, bands, or spots; the surface may be smooth, or may be sparsely or densely covered with short or long hairs, tufts of hair, spines, knobs, or other features.
Compilations of easily recognized moths. Note: this is not a comprehensive guide to all moth species in the United States and Canada. The images shown here merely serve to provide a general idea as to the "shape" and diversity of the 32 moth superfamilies in our area.
Please post unknown moth images at "ID Request" if the superfamily is unknown. Superfamily Adeloidea : Fairy Moths and kin. Superfamily Alucitoidea : Many-plume Moths. Superfamily Choreutoidea : Metalmark Moths.
Caterpillar - Wikiwand
Superfamily Copromorphoidea : Fruitworm Moths. Superfamily Cossoidea : Carpenter and Leopard Moths. Superfamily Epermenioidea : Fringe-tufted Moths. Superfamily Eriocranioidea : Eriocraniid Moths. Superfamily Gelechioidea : Twirler Moths and kin. Superfamily Hepialoidea : Ghost Moths.
Superfamily Hyblaeoidea : Teak Moths. Superfamily Micropterigoidea : Mandibulate Archaic Moths. Superfamily Mimallonoidea : Sack-bearer Moths. Superfamily Neopseustoidea : Archaic Sun Moths. Superfamily Nepticuloidea : Pygmy Leaf-mining Moths. Superfamily Noctuoidea : Owlet Moths and kin. Superfamily Papilionoidea : Butterflies and Skippers.
Superfamily Pterophoroidea : Plume Moths. Superfamily Schreckensteinioidea : Bristle-legged Moths. Superfamily Sesioidea : Clearwing Moths. Superfamily Thyridoidea : Window-winged Moths. Superfamily Tischerioidea : Trumpet Leafminer Moths. Superfamily Tortricoidea : Tortricid Moths. Superfamily Urodoidea : False Burnet Moths. Superfamily Yponomeutoidea : Ermine Moths and kin. Caterpillars are found in the habitat where their food is.
Adults tend to be in the general area of their larval foodplants,.
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Larvae may be found anywhere on their host plant, from underground on or inside the roots, to the highest leaves of tall trees; a few species are aquatic, developing on or in standing or running water. Adults are generally found near the larval host plant, but many migrate over great distances. Many species are attracted to artificial light. Moths are essentially a group of nocturnal insects but butterflies and some moths are diurnal; see Internet Reference TT. Caterpillars are active when their hostplants are plentiful, which is often spring and summer.
Published by The Century Co. Seller Rating:. About this Item: The Century Co. Condition: Very Good.
No Jacket. First Edition First Printing. This book is clean, tight, square with sharp corners and unmarked. The front end papers have been removed. It has bright gilt titles on the spine and front. The front is particularly fetching with blind stamped and gilt butterflies and moths in various stages of development. Seller Inventory More information about this seller Contact this seller 1. Decorative Cloth. Condition: Good.
First edition. Gilt spine and cover bright. Cover stamped in green and gold, depicting three caterpillars on leafy branches and two gilt moths. Spine and corners bumped, light shelfwear to edges.
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Binding very loose but holding; handle gently. Endpapers and interior sl. Some pages have light soil at edges and many of the plates have pencil "x" marks in the margins. Two naturalists and collectors decsribe the appearance, habits, predators, and cocoons of the caterpillars and moths they have collected and observed.